Drought is a serious issue that affects not only our environment but also our economy and society. As gardeners, it is essential to understand the causes and effects of drought and learn about possible solutions to combat it. In this article, we will discuss the causes of drought, the effects it has on plants, and the possible solutions to combat it.

What is Drought?

Drought is a prolonged period of time with little to no precipitation. It can occur naturally, or it can be caused by human activities such as excessive water consumption, deforestation, and climate change. Droughts can have severe effects on plants, including decreased growth rates, wilting, and even death.

Effects of Drought on Plants

Plants need water to grow and survive. When water is scarce, they are not able to take up nutrients and water from the soil, which can lead to stunted growth or even death. Plants respond to drought in different ways, depending on their species, but some common symptoms include yellowing leaves, wilting, and loss of foliage.

Possible Solutions to Combat Drought

Water Conservation: One of the most effective ways to combat drought is through water conservation. This can be achieved through various methods, such as using drip irrigation, installing rain barrels, and mulching plants to retain moisture. Water conservation can help reduce water usage, leading to less demand on water resources and less strain on plants during drought conditions.

Soil Improvement

Improving soil quality can help retain moisture during dry periods. Adding organic matter such as compost to your soil can increase its water-holding capacity and improve soil structure, leading to better plant growth and health.

Proper Lawn Care

Lawns require a lot of water, especially during the summer months. You can improve your lawn’s drought tolerance by mowing at the right height, watering deeply but less frequently, and using fertilizers that promote root growth.


Xeriscaping is a technique that focuses on using plants and materials that require less water. This can include using native plants, using rocks and gravel instead of grass, and other natural elements that don’t require water to thrive.

Choose Drought-Tolerant Plants

Some plants are naturally more drought-tolerant than others. When selecting plants for your garden, look for those that have adapted to arid climates or have low water requirements. Succulents, cacti, and native plants are great options for water conservation.

Group Plants According to Their Water Needs

Plants have varying water requirements, so grouping them according to their needs can help conserve water. For example, grouping plants that require more water together and those that need less water together can help you avoid overwatering or underwatering.

Use Water-Efficient Irrigation

Drip irrigation is a highly efficient way to water plants, as it delivers water directly to the roots. Soaker hoses are another option that delivers water to the soil slowly and efficiently.

Consider the Timing of Watering

Watering during the hottest parts of the day can lead to water evaporation and waste. Watering early in the morning or later in the evening when the sun is lower in the sky can help conserve water and ensure that your plants receive the water they need.

Mulch Your Plants

Mulching your plants can help retain moisture in the soil by preventing evaporation. It also helps to control weed growth, which can compete with your plants for water and nutrients.

Mike Gast Lawn Care

If you are struggling with drought conditions in your garden or landscape, Mike Gast Lawn Care can help. They offer professional landscaping services, including water-wise designs and xeriscaping solutions. They can also advise you on the best plants and materials to use in your area to conserve water and create a sustainable landscape.

In conclusion, drought is a significant problem that can have long-lasting effects on plants and the environment. However, there are many solutions for combating it, including water conservation, soil improvement, proper lawn care, and xeriscaping. If you are struggling with drought conditions in your area, consider reaching out to Mike Gast Lawn Care for professional assistance in creating a sustainable and beautiful landscape.

Sources: University of Florida and IFAS Extension